Lewis Carroll said that telling a story is giving a gift of love.
I believe that we should wrap up presents when we give them to your friends as this shows how much we value the relationship and the act of being together. When giving stories as presents, we can wrap them up gracefully in many ways. One in particular is with openings and endings, which are very unique sentences that mark that the stories are about to start and that they have just finished. These lines set the boundaries of fantasy and reality, allowing us to be and dream together when we are between them.
I have been always very curious about different ways to open and close stories. Here I present 50 ways to open and 50 ways to close stories in a way to present new options to the traditional "Once upon a time" and "They lived happily ever after".
As I usually say at school, choose a couple of openings and endings that have resonated with you and use these during the semester. Children will not only recognize them straight away, but will also be happy to complete the openings and closings when you start saying them. After some time, I just make a gesture and leave them the delight to announce the stories.
Here is a video that I prepared based on the list at http://www.folktale.net/openers.html
Enjoy them with your children and students!
That's all folks!